Clallam Indians (the Hicks family) Pose with Canoe Near Chimacum Creek, Washington - P.O.W. Report

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Clallam Indians (the Hicks family) Pose with Canoe Near Chimacum Creek, Washington

Hicks family, Klallam, Lillian Hicks' grandmother on left and the canoe built by Prince of Wales, Chetzemoka's son;  ca. 1914.


číčməhán (also Cheech-Ma-Ham or Chetzemoka). In 1808, a child was born at KaTai to Quah-Tum-A-Low and Lach-Ka-Nam, chief of the S'Klallam. He was named Cheech-Ma-Ham (or Chits-Ma-Han). Cheech-Ma-Ham was forty years old when the first white settlers arrived at Port Townsend, Washington. The settlers found his name difficult to pronounce so they changed it to Chetzemoka; and he was; given the "royal" nickname Duke of York. His son La-kaa-nim,[1] was nicknamed Prince of Wales and his two wives were See-Hei-Met-za[2] (nicknamed Queen Victoria) and Jenny Lind. His older brother, next in line to become chief, was called King George. King George was the quarrelsome type, unlike the diplomatic Duke. One day, after a disagreement, he packed up all his possessions and paddled off to board a ship for San Francisco, never to return.

Cheif Chetzemoka
číčməhán traveled to San Francisco in the early 1850s, where he befriended James G. Swan.

The Superintendent of Indian Affairs recognized Cheech-Ma-Ham as chief of the S'Klallam in 1854, holding him responsible for the "good behavior" of his people. At Point No Point, in 1855, Chief Cheech-Ma-Ham signed a treaty giving up all S'Klallam land in exchange for retaining the rights to fish, hunt and gather in the S'Klallam usual and accustomed areas. Such treaties, pushed by Governor Isaac Stevens and largely misunderstood by the Indians, provoked the Indian Wars in 1855-56.

During these wars, a number of S'Klallam held a secret meeting to decide whether or not to kill the whites in Port Townsend. The S'Klallam deliberated for nine days, during which Cheech-Ma-Ham sent a daily signal of "danger." On the tenth day, the message from Signal Rock was, in essence, "danger is passed." The S'Klallam had given up their purpose. Cheech-Ma-Ham was considered a hero by the white population and from that point on was immortalized by them. A bronze plaque was eventually placed in the rock he signaled from and a park in Port Townsend bears the name Chetzemoka. A ferry in the Washington State Ferry line also bears the name "M.V. Chetzemoka".[3]

Prior to his death, Cheech-Ma-Ham named his son, Lach-Ka-Nim (Prince of Wales), chief. It was from Lach-Ka-Nim's nickname that the present-day Prince family name was derived. Cheech-Ma-Ham died in 1888 and was buried in the white cemetery, Laurel Grove, in Port Townsend.

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